Cabo Verde is named for the westernmost cape of Africa, Cape Verde (French: Cap Vert), which is located in nearby Senegal and is the nearest point on the continent. The largest port in the islands is located at Mindelo, on São Vicente. Its deepwater harbour accommodates sizable vessels and has been used as a fueling station since the 19th century.
Cabo Verde’s soils, primarily volcanic or igneous in origin, are generally shallow, coarse, and rocky. Almost a quarter of the land area is rock of volcanic origin; basalt is a common type. More than three-fifths of the land is arid and lacking in humus and thus is suitable only for rough grazing; sand and limestone outcrops are common in these areas.
Although Cabo Verde’s fishing capabilities are not fully exploited, fish is important for both domestic consumption and export, and both tuna and lobster are caught.
A #fisherman on Sao Pedro beach, Sao Vicente island
Cape Verde has about 450,000 inhabitants today. 236,000 of these live on the main island of Santiago. The Cabo Verdean population is relatively young, with nearly one-third of the population under 15 years of age.
Each island has its qualities and is suitable for certain activities such as surfing, hiking or enjoying beautiful beaches.
The archipelago consists of 12 islands of which 9 are habited. Its location relative to the wind makes it possible to make a split between them. In the north the upper wind islands are located and in the south you will find the lower wind islands.
The upper wind islands include Sal, Boavista, Sao Nicolau, Sao Vicente, Santo Antao, Santa Luzia, Branco and Raso. These three last mentioned islands are uninhabited. On the upper wind islands of Santo Antao and Sao Nicolau you can admire spectacular mountain views and tropical valleys. Sao Vicente, however is known for its large harbor and the famous carnaval. The eastern part of the upper wind islands Sal and Boavista are more oriented towards tourists.
#calhau beach on Sao Pedro island
#laginha beach, Sao Vicente island
#topim, Sao Vicente island
The #sinagoga beach on Santo Antao island Sinagoga beach on the next page too
#saopedro beach, Sao Vicente Island, where you can swim with tens turtles.
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