To understand a nation of people, you have to understand the history that shaped them.
One of 172 dolmens (portal tombs). This one has a capstone thirteen-feet in length, 6-10 feet wide and 1 foot thick. Excavations have found 33 human remains.
Poulnabrone Dolmen • Burren • Clare
4200 - 2900 BC
This UNESCO site has been a centre of human settlement for at least 6,000 years. One site contains NewGrange passage tomb circa 3200 BC, that aligns with the winter solstice, making it older than Stonehenge & the Egyptian pyramids.
Brú na Bóinne • Meath
Grange Stone Circle • Lough Gur
Stone Circles from prehistoric times like this one can be found across Ireland as places of ritual gatherings, sacrifice & worship.
The site was the ancient seat of power for 142 Kings. In Irish religion & mythology, Temair was the sacred place of dwelling for the gods & entrance to the otherworld. Around 500 AD, Saint Patrick came Tara to confront the ancient religion of the pagans at its most powerful site.
Hill of Tara • Meath
An early Medieval monastic settlement founded by St Kevin who dies in 618. Religion continues to flourish here for 600 years.
Glendalough • Wicklow
5th Century AD
Cashel is reputed to be the site of the conversion of the King of Munster by St. Patrick. It remained the traditional seat of the Kings of Munster for several hundred years prior to the Norman invasion.
Rock of Cashel • Tipperary
The monastery of Clonmacnoise founded by St. Ciarán. An important site in Catholic history.
Clonmacnoise • Athlone
Over 50,000 stone forts like this one were built as defensive strongholds by the local lord or King.
Cahergal Stone Fort • Kerry
This UNESCO site is a renowned Gaelic monastery of special interest to archaeologists as the remains are in unusually good condition likely due to its remoteness on an island.
Skellig Michael • Kerry
Viking invade Ireland plundering Christian riches and also establishing trade & commerce ports in Dublin, Wexford, Waterford, Cork and Limerick, which became the first large towns in Ireland.
Vikings in Ireland
The first castle on this site was constructed by Strongbow, the legendary Norman invader. The Norman invasion kicked off English rule in Ireland for 750+ years.
A 13th-century castle built by King John, brother of King Richard the Crusader & the nasty king of Robin Hood fame. The castle is one of the best preserved Norman castles in Europe.
King John’s Castle • Limerick
Aughnahure Castle • Galway
This tower house built by the O’Flaherty clan highlights medieval life in Ireland & the need for family & security amongst feuding clans of Gaelic and Normans.
Founded by Queen Elizabeth I modeled after the Oxford and Cambridge. Trinity College is the oldest surviving college also contains the Book of Kells (9th century medieval manuscript) & The Long Room library.
Trinity College • Dublin
Ireland's number one international visitor attraction. Drive around Ireland and you will see their advertising everywhere showing the impact of this company to Ireland’s economy.
Guinness Storehouse • Dublin
Daniel O'Connell (1775 – 1847), an Irish political leader known as The Liberator, who campaigned for the repeal of the Acts of Union which combined Great Britain & Ireland and Catholic emancipation—including the right for Catholics to sit in Westminster Parliament that had been denied for over 100 years.
Daniel O’Connell Cathedral • Kerry
The Lost Valley of Uggool • Mayo
Take a walk through the land owned by the Bourke family & learn the story of the Great Irish Potato Famine, a significant event in Irish history triggering mass starvation, disease, and emigration.
First inhabitants came here in 1000 BC, but this site plays an important place in Irish history as the place where 2.5 million of the 6 million Irish people left Ireland & emigrated to North America between 1848 and 1950. It was also Titanic’s last port of call in 1912.
Cobh • Cork
Opened in 2012, a museum dedicated to Belfast's maritime heritage & the building of the Titanic on the site of the former Harland & Wolff shipyard
Titanic Museum • Belfast
Built in 1814, it made history in 1916 as the modern birthplace of Irish freedom. It was headquarters of the 1916 Easter Rising and subsequent revolution
General Post Office • Dublin
Built in 1796, but significant to the 1916 Easter Rising, where many Irish revolutionaries, including the leaders of the revolution were imprisoned & executed in this prison by the British.
Kilmainham Gaol • Dublin
Dublin bridge modeled after Ireland's national emblem, an ancient gaelic harp. A modern country with roots 6,000 years old.
Samuel Beckett Bridge• Dublin